Division Strategies: Introducing Division to Third Graders

Share on facebook
Share on pinterest
Share on twitter
Share on google
Share on email

In this blog post I will share with you division strategies, example activities, and a free printable that you can use with your third grade students.

Start with word problems! Why?

It is very important to introduce division using word problems. This is a great opportunity for students to visualize what is happening and to notice how you can model an equation two different ways depending on the situation.

The two types of division problems problems are listed below:

  • Measurement Division – the number of groups is unknown
  • Partitive Division – the size of the group is unknown

1. Use Math Manipulatives: Equal Groups

The same equation can be modeled differently depending on the word problem.

Third grade division strategies and printable activities

The first problem is a Partitive Division problem, because we have to partition the cookies equally to find out how many each friends will get.

Third grade division strategies and printable activities

The second problem is a Measurement Division problem, because we need to figure out how m any plates or groups are needed.

2. Repeated Subtraction

In this strategy,  you keep subtracting groups until you’re left with 0 or a remainder (a quotient smaller than the divisor).

You know the size of the group in the following problem (4 treats per day). It’s an example of a Measurement Division problem, because you need to figure out how many days (groups) the treats will last.

Third grade division strategies and printable activities

3. Draw a Model

Tape diagrams are useful in helping students see the connection between multiplication and division. Below, I drew a rectangle which has an area of 56. I need to figure out 8 groups of what number will equal 56.

8 x ___ = 56

Some students may not yet be fluent with their multiplication facts and that’s okay. Have them start with a fact they know.

  • 8 x 5 = 40
  • 8 x 6 = 48
  • 8 x 7 = 56

Third grade division strategies and printable activities

In next week’s blog post, I will share with you division strategies for upper elementary grades. The blog post will include the printable shown in these images plus one for 4th and 5th graders. Stay tuned!

Download the Resources

  • Simply fill out the form below to receive the free printables. After you confirm your subscription, the free resources listed in this blog post will be sent to your inbox!

Download the Freebie!

Screen shot 2019 12 19 at 10.55.42 am

Enter your email address and the resource will be sent to your inbox!

Powered by ConvertKit

What’s Next?

You may be interested in the following blog posts.

Need resources for your math centers? 

Click the images below to view third grade paper and paperless math centers.

third grade division activities for math centers third grade division activities for math centers third grade division activities for math centers

paperless third grade division activities for math centers paperless third grade division activities for math centers digital third grade division activities for math centers

Mrs. Santillana

Mrs. Santillana

Share on facebook
Share on pinterest
Share on twitter
Share on google
Share on email

You might also enjoy...

4 thoughts on “Division Strategies: Introducing Division to Third Graders”

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. By accepting and continuing to use this site, you accept the use of cookies outlined in the privacy policy.