In this blog post I will share with you 3 word problems you can use with your students when introducing fraction equivalence. Put away those manipulatives for this lesson. Students will only need their pencil and paper 🙂

## Practice Problem #1: Whole-Group Instruction

These word problems are perfect as a whole group **introduction to equivalent fractions**. Do **not** tell students this is what you’re looking for.

- Give each student a copy of the word problem
- Display the word problem on a projector or write it on board/chart paper
- Students
**must**draw a picture that shows how they came to their solution - Students share their solutions

Problem 1:There are 6 sandwiches for 4 children to share equally. How much sandwich will each child get?

Be sure to keep an eye out for students with **different but equivalent solutions**. Students should come up with 1 2/4, 1 1/2, or 6/4.

**Ask the students if these amounts are the same.** Have them **explain** their thinking.

## Practice Problem #2: Focused Practice

Students have now discussed how different fractions can be equivalent. In this second problem, **encourage students to find two ways to write the solution**. Have students discuss how the different answers are indeed the** same amounts**.

Problem 2:Six children equally share 4 cookies. How much cookie will each child get?

## Practice Problem #3: Exit Ticket

**Use this last problem as an exit ticket.** Students are to complete this on their own without assistance. Again, encourage students to write the solution in multiple ways. Collect and use this as a way to group students for future lessons during small groups.

Problem 3:There are 4 medium pizzas for 12 children to share equally. Ho much pizza will each child get?

## Area Model Examples

The most common way for students to show their work is to draw area models. *Encourage students to show their work using different shapes.*

You partition a circle into thirds very differently from a square. Partitioning a rectangle into twelfths is simpler than trying to partition a circle into 12 equal pieces.

Using graph paper also helps with drawing area models. I always buy a class set of composition notebooks with graph paper at Target during the back to school sale. They are each $0.50! You can also print graph paper.

## Download the FREE Resource!

Are you ready to introduce equivalent fractions? Maybe you’ve introduced them to your students already, but they need a review. **Click here** to download the free resource.

## Continue Your Instruction!

Now that you’ve introduced equivalent fractions, you’re students are ready for **independent practice**. Click on each image to learn more.

Interactive Math Centers:These math slides are perfect for an interactive white board or Google Classroom assignment. Google Slides and PowerPoint versions are included.

Math Sorts:These no-prep centers are a student favorite! Students cut and organize math cards into categories. Math sorts are the perfect partner activity 🙂

## What’s next?

Want more fractions resources? Check out the following blog posts 🙂

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